I’m in love with Chinese tea. I drink it every day and every time. Most important, I buy a ton of tea for myself. My favorite Chinese tea is Pu’er, the fermented tea from Yunnan Province. But keeping an open mind, I do take the opportunity to try other types as I continue my learning on this wonderful beverage.
China is an original producer of tea and is world famous for planting and making tea. Its popular customs of tea-drinking spread over to Europe and to many other regions through cultural exchange. Truthfully, the Chinese nation has written a phenomenal page for the tea culture in the history of world civilization. Certainly, the development and popularization of tea has been one of China’s principal contributions to the world. Here are some of the most popular Chinese teas in the world.
- Da Hong Pao
Da Hong Pao is a variety of oolong tea that is grown in Fujian province’s Wuyi mountains. It is heavily oxidized and much darker than some other oolong teas. Legend says that the mother of a Ming Dynasty emperor was cured by the leaves from the Da Hong Pao bushes. Six of the original bushes remain today, and the tea from them can sell for as much as $1,025,000 per kilogram. This one is definitely one of the most popular Chinese teas.
2. Long Jing – Dragon Well Tea
Dragon Well Tea, as an important part of Hangzhou culture, expresses the living attitude of locals as well as the Chinese people. Usually, it takes 6 hours for the Dragon Well tea to pluck. Moreover, it takes more than 4 hours to fry. The Dragon Well tea, line with having yellow again in the color and luster is completely green. The tea form is flat, smooth. After washing bubbles, each is hung in water, the bud stands upright, tea is fragrant and lasting.
Tieguanyin, which is Chinese for ‘iron goddess’, is another premium variety of oolong tea, also originating from Fujian province. Interestingly, the tea is named after the Chinese goddess of mercy and has an incredible intricate taste and warm aroma. Additionally, the process of creating the tea is complex as well, requiring nine steps from plucking to drying.
4. Green Tea
Chinese green tea is the oldest and most popular type of tea; it has been enjoyed in China for several thousand years. Green tea is made from the new shoots of the tea plant, and the tea leaves are dried and processed according to the type of tea desired.
The techniques for processing green tea are sub-divided into three categories: water removing, rolling, and drying. Traditional green tea has a pale color and a sharp, astringent flavor. It is produced primarily in the provinces of Jiangxi, Anhui, and Zhejiang. The most famous green tea is West Lake Dragon Well Tea , which is produced in Hangzhou.
5. Yellow Tea
Yellow tea is produced by allowing damp tea leaves to dry naturally. It has a distinctive aroma, similar to red tea, but its flavor is closer to green and white teas. Yellow tea is also used to describe the high-quality tea that was served to the emperors, as yellow was the traditional imperial color. Junshan Yinzhen is produced in China’s Hunan Province and is the country’s most popular yellow tea.
6. White Tea
White tea is unfermented, uncured green tea that has been quickly dried. It is indigenous to Fujan Province, and is lighter in color than other types of tea with a subtle, delicate flavor. White tea got its name from the tradition of poor Chinese people offering plain boiled water to guests, if they had no tea, and calling it “white tea”. Popular brands of white tea are White Peony and Silver Needle.
7. Oolong Tea
Oolong tea, also known as blue tea, is unfermented tea with unique characteristics. Made from a blend of green and red teas, oolong tea boasts the best flavors and aromatic qualities of both. Sometimes called “green leaves with a red edge”, oolong tea is thought to aid in fat decomposition and is widely regarded as a weight loss aid and a beauty enhancer. Wenshan Baozhong Tea and Dongding Oolong Tea are two exemplary brands of this popular tea.
8. Black Tea
Black tea is the second largest category of Chinese tea. It is made from the new shoots of tea leaves, which are wilted, rolled, fermented, and dried. The resulting infusion yields a lovely red color and a subtle aromatic fragrance. Keemun is the most popular brand of black tea.
9. Pu’er Tea
Last but not least, my favourite. Pu’er tea is actually a dark tea, but deserves a category on its own because of its distinguishing features. Pu’er tea, originating from Yunnan Province, has an ancient history over of 2,000 years. According to Yunnan government’s definition, Puer tea must be tea that is made from a large-leaf variety of a plant growing in a defined area, which is then processed into compressed tea or brick tea with a specified technology.
Pu’er tea was listed as a geographical indication product’ by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine on August 5, 2008. It stipulates that only tea produced in Yunnan’s 639 towns in 11 prefectures and cities, including Pu’er and Dali, can be called Pu’er tea.
There are two distinct types of Pu’er tea: sheng Pu’er (the raw or green Pu’er) and shu Pu’er (the ripened or black Pu’er).
Drink well and drink healthy.
Thanks to Soundeaglefor inspiring this post!
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